Construction machinery market development status
Since the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, China's equipment manufacturing industry, especially the construction machinery industry, has grown by leaps and bounds, the industrial system has been continuously improved and improved, the ability for technological innovation has been significantly enhanced, and its international status and influence have been significantly improved. At the same time, the strength of Chinese enterprises has also increased. Continue to improve. At present, China has become a world-famous equipment manufacturing giant. Su Zimeng, secretary general of the China Construction Machinery Industry Association, said that the construction machinery industry is China's sunrise industry. The industry's production concentration and access difficulty are relatively large. In the future, the construction machinery market will need to develop in the direction of high-end and intelligent industries. The industry operation will also become more and more standardized. Construction machinery companies should pursue endogenous growth and innovation and development, and use an international perspective to meet the opportunities and challenges of the future market. According to forecasts, the international demand for host products in 2015 will reach 210 billion U.S. dollars, and China's export of construction machinery products will reach 26 billion U.S. dollars, becoming the world's largest exporter. We are delighted with the vigorous development of the construction machinery industry. Although the development of the accessory industry closely associated with the host has achieved some results, the level of development of the overall accessory industry is still not very high, especially for key components such as hydraulic components, transmission components, control components, and engines. Key technologies are still controlled by foreign companies. Therefore, due to these factors, China's engineering machinery products cannot match the quality of the world's leading technologies such as Caterpillar, Komatsu, Liebherr, and Volvo Construction Equipment. Taking the power components of construction machinery as an example, the mechanical power performance is one of the most important indicators to measure the technical level of a product. It includes the dynamic performance of the diesel engine itself and the overall performance of the entire power transmission system. In addition to constantly improving fuel injection systems and reducing common fuel consumption and low carbon emissions, construction machinery engines have specific requirements for torque reserve and power output mode, performance matching, vibration and noise at low speeds. At present, the supporting engines for construction machinery products in China include Weichai, Shangchai, Cummins, Deutz, Perkins, Isuzu and Yanmar. High-end products, export equipment, large-tonnage equipment, and excavators almost all rely on foreign brands. In the area of transmission components for construction machinery, the R&D level, R&D means, and international advanced level of China's construction machinery transmission components have been lagging for about 30 years. Few companies in China have been able to bear the closed-end test methods of load spectrum loading. The gap between gear accuracy and performance and the international advanced level is also wide. These problems mentioned above also exist in the hydraulic components of the absolute key components of construction machinery. Undoubtedly, hydraulic components are one of the key components of construction machinery products. It can not only reflect the complete machine operation efficiency of the construction machinery products, the simplicity and comfort of operation, but also is the main source of faults for the whole machine work. For a long time, in the case of high-pressure and large-flow hydraulic devices, the products of domestic parts and components companies are still difficult to meet the matching requirements of the host companies, which makes the import of hydraulic components become the only choice, especially on excavator products. As a result, China's construction machinery, especially excavation machinery, is subject to the supply of foreign manufacturers in the key hydraulic components. In summary, while continuing to accelerate the development of the construction machinery industry, the active promotion of the development of the construction machinery accessory industry not only plays an important role in improving the quality of China's construction machinery mainframe products, but also relates to the further improvement of the overall level of China's industrial industry. . The development of construction machinery parts industry needs to break through the accessory industry as an important part of the construction machinery industry. With the rapid development of construction machinery, it has also made great progress and has formed a certain scale. However, compared with other developed countries in the world, there is still a large gap between itself and the industry. There are also many drawbacks in itself. How to break through the numerous problems caused by ourselves and the outside world is of great significance to the development of China's supporting parts and even the machinery industry.
Judging from the overall development trend of the construction machinery industry, the backwardness of the accessory industry in China mainly focuses on the core technologies of key components, such as engines, hydraulic components, transmission components, and control components. The blockade of key technologies of these parts and components by foreign companies has become a key factor that has seriously hampered the improvement of the quality of China's construction machinery products. In addition, there are still such problems in the development process of China's existing accessory companies. The production of components like components is constrained by the continuous increase in the cost of raw materials and transportation. At the same time, the manufacturers of construction machinery manufacturers lower the purchase price when purchasing the necessary components, which further leads to the survival pressure of the component manufacturers. In order to set aside profits, they must not reduce their costs when producing parts. The consequence of such a vicious cycle is that the quality of the parts cannot be guaranteed at all. What's worse, the use of poor-quality accessory products will also lead to the occurrence of construction machinery equipment accidents. Therefore, it is very necessary for the communication and dialogue between the complete machine manufacturer and the accessory enterprise of the construction machinery. At the annual meeting of the construction machinery accessory industry in 2013 held last year, Zheng Shanglong, president of the accessory component branch, said that the current development concept of “heavy host and light support” still restricts the rapid development of the accessory industry, which is manifested in the lack of support for and driving of parts and components. Large enterprises with industry development and structure optimization and upgrading; domestic supporting parts production enterprises have loose organizational structure and serious convergence of products; lack of large enterprises and enterprise groups with independent intellectual property rights, prominent main businesses, and strong core competitiveness. Among them, there are two major problems that are more prominent. One is that the phenomenon of low-level repeated investment and repeated construction of products is serious. The second is that there are few varieties of high-end products with high technology added value, which can not meet the needs of the development of the mainframe, and the contradiction of structural shortage of products still exists. In the face of these problems plaguing the development of the accessory parts industry, first of all, there is a need for dialogue between the entire machine manufacturer and the accessory company. According to the needs of the host company's products, the company must plan and produce high standards of production. At the same time, it actively seeks out the gap between the product requirements of the host company and the foreign products of the same industry to tackle the problem. Second, there is a need for standardized operation of the construction machinery parts market. According to the investigation and understanding, it was found that China's construction machinery accessory enterprises have not paid enough attention to the market, and no batches of matching products have been provided to the circulation area and the maintenance spare parts market.
Third, strengthen the introduction and cooperation of foreign advanced technologies, learn about host companies, and target international markets for product exports. At present, the state has introduced incentive policies to encourage product exports, and has given preferential policies in terms of export credits and export tax rebates. The export price of construction machinery parts is much higher than the domestic sales price, and it is very cheap for foreign buyers. It can be said that it is a win-win situation. At the “2014 China Construction Machinery Ownership Equipment Annual Meeting” held in September of this year, Li Hongbao, secretary general of the China Construction Machinery Industry Association Mining Machinery Branch, pointed out that China’s engineering machinery equipment industry’s existing problems indicate that China’s demographic dividend has gradually disappeared. High labor costs, and the need for low-cost, high-efficiency work methods are urgent. At the same time, the development of advanced construction machinery, the development of products in refined areas, and the continuous expansion of functions are the environmental factors that contribute to the development of the industry. OEMs regard the realization of multi-functionality as an important part of product development; professional attachment factories combine actuality, continuously innovate, and develop new products; host plants actively adapt to the requirements of new attachments, improve design and configuration; sellers and end customers are active Promotion and application have become important factors in the development of the market. The positive interaction between the host, equipment, and the market, mutual cooperation, and mutual improvement can jointly promote the progress of the industry. The future development trend of construction machinery accessory industry It is true that since the beginning of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” of the country, due to many factors, the construction machinery industry has shown a slow growth rate and production and sales constraints. This has a certain negative impact on the accessory industry that is still in an over-development period. However, this is not the main tune of development and reform. As far as the entire construction machinery industry is concerned, although the growth rate has been slow in recent years, the entire industry has been developing upwards. The closely-related components industry has achieved remarkable results after years of development. Although there are some problems in this industry, it has been accompanied by the construction of national rail transit, large hydropower projects, and urban renovation projects. Launched, these will provide favorable conditions for the development of construction machinery and its accessories. Therefore, there are the following trends in the future development of construction machinery parts: First, China's hydraulic components will achieve a major breakthrough. As before, Jiangsu Hengli High-Pressure Cylinder Co., Ltd. has taken the lead in breaking through the bottleneck of localization. Their high-pressure fuel tanks have been fully realized for the branded host, and they are being supported in the global scope. Driven by Hengli, it is believed that other hydraulic parts manufacturers will also usher in the climax of development, which is bound to bring new surprises.
Secondly, the host production enterprises are integrated upwards, and the host production companies will be involved in upstream components, especially in the production of key components, due to their own development needs. Domestic parts manufacturing companies are limited by their own strengths and technological R&D capabilities and tend to establish stable and long-term cooperative relationships with host companies. Finally, the state will introduce a series of laws and regulations to promote the overall development of the construction machinery and accessories industry. With the improvement of the overall level of China's equipment manufacturing and the formation of supporting parts industry clusters, the quality of China's construction machinery parts will be greatly improved. China is still the most important market for global construction machinery!